Social security is critical to every economy since it assist people with little or no income to get financial help from their governments.
Social security is also critical in promoting the welfare of the less privileged in the society through assistance to enable the victims get access to basic needs. The assistance is meant to enable them to access food and shelter and to promote health and well-being more so to potentially vulnerable segments such as children, the elderly, the sick and the unemployed.
The main contingencies protected in social security include responsibility for the maintenance of children, suspension of earnings due to pregnancy and confinement and their consequences. Clients can also enjoy the following areas covered by social security these include suspension of earnings due to an inability to obtain suitable employment for protected persons who are capable of, and available for work, suspension of earnings due to an incapacity for work resulting from a morbid condition, permanent or persistent inability to engage in any gainful activity, treatment of any morbid condition including pregnancy, as well as loss of support suffered by a widowed individual or child as the result of the death of the provider.
The four main categories of social security benefits include retirement, disability, dependents, and survivors benefits.
The primary step to getting retirement benefits involves registering to the social security board of your country under the retirement section. In addition, people who are eligible for retirement benefits are those who have worked in covered employment for a sufficient number of years and they retire at age sixty-two. As soon as one attains the age of sixty two and they are members of social security for retirement benefits, they can be assured of getting assistance. In the event that you want to start claiming the benefits before you reach the full retirement age, your benefits will be reduced by a particular percentage.
In addition, citizens of a country are guaranteed of getting disability benefits. However, the disability benefits is for people who have met the work requirements and are considered disabled under the Social Security program’s medical guidelines.
Social security also offer dependents benefits for people who have registered to the program. Dependents benefits was meant for people who as spouse of a retired or disabled worker who qualifies for Social Security retirement or disability benefits. In addition, the benefits are not only entitled to people who are spouses of retired or disabled workers but also their minor and their disabled children.
Citizens of a country who are spouses of workers who qualified for Social Security retirement or disability benefits are the best candidates for survivors benefits program as well as their children. The payments that one will receive under survivors benefits is based on their deceased spouse’s earnings record.